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Prompted by intense anxiety in the success of our cause, I 
wish to address you. In the infancy of our existence, as a 
Southern Confederacy, Ave have accomplished much; but much 
still remains to be accomplished. Driven, by necessity, amidst 
compromises, concessions and expostulations, the South, to avert 
entire destruction, was forced to arms in her own defence against 
the inroads of power arrogated, by the North, and accumulated 
and accumulating apprehensions, which threatened inevitably our 
existence, our liberty, and all the dearest rights of a free people* 
Long, long did the South submit to the gigantic strides of cruel 
power,, which was boastfully and defiantly aimed at her vitals! 
Far, far less, the cause that led to our struggle in '76; and far 
less, the cause that led to the Revolution in the time of Charles 
I. of England, or of Louis XVI. of France, than the crisis 
•which rouses us ! 

It is .not against the principles of the old Constitution we 
fight, but against its abuses and the inroads of usurpation, de- 
rived not from the Constitution, but alone from arbitrary power. 
No, it is for those sacred principles of equality and justice, em- 
bodied in that Constitution, that we now contend against that 
power, which, by our endurance, rather than resistance, we of 
the South have strengthened, — ay, have strengthened by our 
means and blood ! 

What toils have we not encountered — what sacrifices have we 
not made in behalf of liberty, and what we had vainly supposed 
an equality of the States? Our contributions to the cofiers of 
the late Union, forced by unjust taxation, have been immense, 
compared with those of the North ; and the blood of our South- 

em heroes has been mingled with the dust, almost over the 
entire area of North America ! The names of Marion, of Moul- 
trie, of Washington, and other illustrious worthies of the South, 
are inscribed on the loftiest columns of Immortality ! 

The means thus contributed by fhe South, have been, by un- 
just legislation, profusely lavished for the prosperity of the 
North, and the construction of a navy now used by that very 
power, to subjugate, if possible, the very section to which the 
North is indebted for its ill-gained prowesfe, and which it now 
frankly acknowledges, cannot exist ivitliout us. In the use of 
our own treasures, the unscrupulous North is now endeavoring, 
by a process of insolent inquisition and arrogant assumption, to 
force us into base submission ! ! 

Think you, for a moment, what would be our condition, were 
the North possibly to succeed? Can tortured imagination paint 
in faintest colors the then condition of the South ? Can you 
imagine the inflated despotism of a heartless and cruel j^ower, 
guifled only by brutal rapacity, and disregarding all moral and 
constitutional restraints ? Imagine further, if you please, the 
subjugation of the Southern States, and their organization into 
territorial governments,— with a population disarmed ; civil and 
religious liberty crushed, and a sentinel at each man's door, to 
suppress even the freedom of speech! Can you imagine the 
reality of our condition of thus being made " hewers of wood 
and drapers of water" ? This would be our foe's idea of liberty 
and safety to the Union ! ! ! 

Oh, Liberty! what crimes would not then "be committed in 
thy name" ! ! Can you further, then, imagine the insults of the 
brutal soldier under the pay of a government extracting from 
the fragments of our substance the cruel expenses of the past 
wur, (which, it would be alledged, we caused!) — the support. of 
that government, and the maintenance of its increased and 
standing army, and a navy, whose use would be, to fasten more 
securely our chains of bondage? 

But, farther, can you imagine the condition of a crushed peo- 
ple, then denied the right of expatriation — a right which, if 
allowed at all, would be to those only, whose wretched destitu- 
tion would preclude the hope of escape from such misery ? In 
vain might we pant for even the condition, infinitely preferable, 
of down-trodden and parcelled out Poland ! 

Already in that now desecrated Congress, where once were 
heard the monitions of our sages, striving in vain to avert the 
then pending storm, that now has burst in fury, are to be found 
base myrciidoms of would be despotic power, muttering forth 
their fiendish plans to crush and curse our gallant South, — a 
South, whose cause should be their own!! While humanity 
shudders at their nefarious schemes, the descendants of Hugue- 
nots, and of Cavaliers, and every freeman, will leap to the con- 
flict, — whose watch-word will be — " Give us liberty, or give us 

A faint, idea of the tyrannous intentions of the Northern 
Government, is presented in its desired substitution, as its em- 
blem, of the Boa Constrictor for the Eagle ! ! Its desire is, to 
crush us in its folds, and gloat over the spoils ! ! Neither suffer 
yourselves to be betrayed by a kiss ; trust not to the Syren 
Song attributed to its leading General, — that "this is but a war 
to restore the Union to what it was at the commencement." 
This cannot be ; and it is doing the Northern leader injustice, 
to ascribe to him a remark so utterly absurd. Besides, is there 
a true Southern heart that would consent to such a "Union"? 
Or, could it be a Union? What! Restore us to a condition 
-that at once deprives us of all justice — which ignores all right, 
and excludes forever all resistance to wrong, while it effectually 
and finally suppresses all hope of an equality of States, and of 
a Republic ! False and vain, such declaration, — if ever such 
was made or entertained by man ! ! 

That is not the object of our foes ; their object is subjugation 
■ — subjugation; it is that, and nothing less. 

But, can force construct or re-construct a Union? Pre- 
posterous thought ! 

Can force gain Union ? " Impudence of hope, 
As well mere man an angel might beget! !" 
Go first, and reconstruct the human heart, 
Endow'd with passions by th' Almighty wrought. 

Soldiers of the camp, and citizens all: to you I would appeal. 
Our cause is just, and onward, because it is just. The cause of 
Subjugation or Liberty is before you. Choose you, this day, 
which you will prefer. If Subjugation — say so, and jio more ; 
but, if Liberty — then cluster around our standard; and let 
each man be a host, and every hillock a defence. Let us 

" Strike, — till the last arm'd foe expires, 
Strike — for our altars and our fires; 
Strike — for the green graves of our sires ; 
God — and our native land I" 

There is a duty in this glorious struggle, for a.11 — for all; and, 
where duty points, let all obey. What, though a hostile fleet 
crowd and cloud around our coast, and thousands of men, and 
millions of money, be voted for our subjugation. " The battle 
is not always to the strong, nor the race to the swift," "but to 
the active, the vigilant, the brave!" There is a just God, who 
presides over the destinies of nations ! Let us all discharge 
our duties to ourselves — our country, and our God; and the 
event will not be doubtful. The tree of Liberty, congenial to 
our soil, will rear aloft its towering branches, even amidst the 
tempests of War; and, though it may be seen to bend, as the 
lofty cedar, on some towering eminence, it will, by its elastic 
strength, soon be seen erect in all its beautiful proportions, un- 
scathed by the storms of the past. The Beacon of Liberty, 
which we now erect, will cast forth its effulgent rays, rejoicing 
our hearts; and to which even our foes, with envious emotions, 
will point; while it will shed light and lustre to the nations of 
the earth ' 

While the superstitious heathens, through untold privations, 
crowd in humble prostration around their' idol-shrine ; while the 
infatuated Mussulman, through perils and sacrifices indescriba- 
bly great, pays his homage at the tomb of his "prophet;" and, 
while the pilgrim's of the past brooked every danger with delight, 
in forcing onward their perilous journey to the land of Syria ; 
let us emulate their examples, and rally around our glorious 
cause, spurning, with ineffable contempt, the invaders of our 
soil; and with heroic firmness rush to the conflict, resolved to 
conquer or die 1 

Soldiers ! to you, again, I would appeal. Your toils and your 
hardships have been great, but your patience and patriotic 
endurance have been superior to them all ; .and, while your com- 
rades and your country have sympathized with you in your pri- 
vations, your country is proud of her sons. The foe is yet on 
our soil ; and hardships and conflicts we have yet to encounter 
and overcome; but your valor is equal to the task. "We have 
other forced marches to make ; other enemies to subdue ; more 
laurels to acquire!" In the hasty organization for our cam- 
paign, doubtless, many unworthy have crept into posts of honor 
and trust ; but, it is hoped that correctives will soon be applied ; 
and yourselves, in the selection of most of your leaders, in the 
future, will be better informed, and then know in w^om to con- 
fide. Select those, only, whose patriotism and valor shall be 
adequate to the occasion. Defective as has been our organiza- 
tion, and unequal the conflict, we have done much. The enemy 
has been checked ; and there are Bethel, Manassas. Leesburg, 
Belmont, Springfield, and oth# glorious victories — of which our 
country is proud, and which will live in glowing brilliancy on the 
pages of history, and be chanted in songs of triumph by millions 
yet unborn ! «- 

The boasted '■'■'programme" of our invaders has been foiled; 
and, since our flag was first raised, many of our sister States 
have flocked to our standard. Their policy is again changed to 

an invasion of our unprotected coasts, because of our supposed 
inadequate defences — inadequate in part, because of their 
extent ; and they there approach with a formidable armada, and 
land, and call such, "victories" — conquests!! But, where is 
their near approach to danger, where our brave hearts have met 
to defend? Indeed, their timidity is acknowledged in their 
destruction of the channels leading to our ports ! Certain it is, 
they are careful not to venture beyond the protection of their 
navy guns ! ! 

Distracted in their councils, and crushed by a debt they can 
never discharge, their last expiring hope is — disaffection among 
some of our people, and reluctance, on the part of our soldiers, 
to re-enlist. But, in this, their disappointment will be great. 
What say you, fellow-soldiers ? What say you? Though all 
will speak, but one voice will be heard — " We will — ive will" — 
will be the reply. Re-enlist, then, early, remembering in your 
elections to choose those only, in whom you would confide in 
camp and on the battle-field; and all will be well. 

Let not our flag trail in the dust ; but, let us at once be pre- 
pared, and leap to the fight, and be, as the Scottish clan, ready 
— ay, ready ! So, when the conflict shall have passed, and the 
glorious tidings of Liberty and Peace shall have been proclaimed, 
your kindred and your country will rejoice in your valor, and 
your fellow-citizens, as you pass, pointing out each, will say — 
"There goes one, who belonged to the army of the South!" 

liut ere that period, should many or all of us fall, we will 
fall as martyrs; and each, like a gallant Burrows, who, while 
smiling in the arms of death oqpthe field, exclaimed, "Thank 
God, though I die, it is in the best of causes !" Or, like the 
common sailor, who, snatching from -the surgeon his amputated 
leg, and throwing it aside, exclaimed — "Let me go, doctor — 
let me go ! I know that I am dying — that I may give one more 
huzza for my country before I die!" 

Citizens all — to you, also, I appeal. What say you? To 

those who^have not yet shared the toils of our camp, and whose 
strength and health will permit — without regard to age — our 
country calls ! Her hallowed cause demands j*our aid. For- 
sake your fire-sides, your homes, your sordid pelf, and come to 
the rescue, and perform your part ! 

, To our appointing powers I would say: No longer reward the. 
able-bodied and slothful, who decline to enlist, by rewards of 
office, where ease and money can more easily be obtained. 
Many, whose patriotism none can suspect, but whose strength 
is inadequate to more active service, would there be glad to 
serve their country. ' » 

To mothers I would al§o appeal. Have you a son ? Is he in 
our army ? Why not ? You control his lofty impulses at the 
fire-side, — send him forth ! Disown him, if he disobey. Send 
him forth, and that in the spirit of a Spartan mother, who, on 
the eve of battle, presenting her son with a shield, said to hrm : 
"Go, and return with it, or return upon it!" Let none be idle, 
but every one perform his part, and with prayerful hearts, 
united in our cause, and trusting in the God of battles, we will 
achieve a glorious result ! Ay, we tv ill and must triumph over 
our foes!